Note 7 Income tax – effective tax rate
7.1 Income tax
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Income tax is the aggregate amount included in the determination of profit or loss for the period in respect of current tax and deferred tax.

In accordance with IAS 12 – Income Taxes, deferred taxes are recognized for temporary differences between the carrying amount of assets and liabilities and their tax base using the liability method. This method consists of adjusting deferred taxes at each period-end, based on the tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. The effects of changes in tax rates (and tax laws) are recognized in the income statement for the period in which the change is adopted.


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Edenred has decided that the French tax assessed on the value added by the business (CVAE), which is based on the value added reflected in the individual financial statements, had the characteristics of an income tax, as defined in IAS 12. Therefore, income tax expense also includes the expense related to the CVAE. The CVAE amounted to €2 million in 2021 and to €3 million in 2020.



Income tax expense and benefit

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Tax proof

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