126.96.36.199 Regime applicable in Brazil
According to the Brazilian food and meal vouchers law (Labor Food Program – PAT), there are two types of food-related vouchers in Brazil: meal vouchers (vale refeição) and food vouchers (vale alimentação). Meal vouchers may only be used in restaurants and fast-food outlets, while food vouchers may only be used in supermarkets and grocery stores. These two types of vouchers are not interchangeable.
Companies that want to give meal or food vouchers to their employees have to register with the Brazilian Labor Ministry. They can decide to give the vouchers to selected employees only, provided that all employees who are paid less than five times the minimum wage are included.
As in France, part of the vouchers’ face value is financed by the employer and part by the employee. The employee’s contribution cannot exceed 20% of the face value and, in practice, employers generally finance the total amount. Meal vouchers are totally tax-exempt for both the employer and the employee. For large companies, in addition to being exempt from payroll taxes, which in Brazil can represent up to 100% of gross fixed pay, the employer’s contribution is deducted from corporate income tax up to the equivalent of 4% of the tax due (considering only those employees who receive a salary corresponding to at most five times the Brazilian minimum wage and receive up to one minimum wage as benefits, pursuant to decree no. 10854 of November 10, 2021) for each tax year. Since November 11, 2017, the Labor Reform, which reformulated the Brazilian Labor Code, is enforceable in Brazil. This law introduces, among other things, food aid provided by employers. Food aid may not be paid in cash and is not considered as part of the salary. As such, it is exempt from social security levies. The Labor Reform does not introduce any changes to the Brazilian food and meal vouchers law (Labor Food Program – PAT).
188.8.131.52 Within the European Union
All employee benefits are excluded from the scope of European directive 2009/110/EC of September 16, 2009 (the “E-Money directive”) and directive (EU) 2015/2366 of November 25, 2015 (the “Payment Services directive”). The E-Money directive emphasizes that it is not intended to apply to “monetary value stored on specific prepaid instruments, designed to address precise needs that can be used only in a limited way”, particularly because these instruments are only accepted within a “limited network” or can only be used to purchase “a limited range of goods or services, regardless of the geographical location of the point of sale”. It states that this may include “meal vouchers or vouchers for services (such as vouchers for childcare, or vouchers for social or services schemes which subsidize the employment of staff to carry out household tasks such as cleaning, ironing or gardening), which are sometimes subject to a specific tax or labor legal framework designed to promote the use of such instruments to meet the objectives laid down in social legislation”. The exclusion of all employee benefits is confirmed in the Payment Services directive, which provides a regulatory framework for payment services in the European Union. It clearly and unconditionally excludes “instruments valid only in a single member State provided at the request of an undertaking or a public sector entity and regulated by a national or regional public authority for specific social or tax purposes to acquire specific goods or services from suppliers having a commercial agreement with the issuer”.
The Incentive & Rewards, Fleet & Mobility Solutions and Corporate Payment Services portfolios contain some programs involving the issuance of e-money and/or the supply of payment services, which can only be issued by licensed institutions subject to specific capital adequacy rules. The Group offers these types of solutions through its subsidiaries PrePay Solutions UK and PPS EU, e-money issuers licensed in the UK and Belgium, respectively, and through the two e-money issuers created by the Group in Italy and France to meet local needs – Edenred Italia Fin S.r.l. and Edenred Paiement SAS.
Thanks to these four e-money issuers, Edenred can offer solutions, through its European subsidiaries, based on prepaid cards regarded as e-money or payment services. Each of these e-money issuers complies with all applicable capital adequacy and other requirements. The main rule resulting from the classification of certain programs as e-money or payment services concerns the obligation to protect the funds received in exchange for the issue of e-money or for the purpose of making a payment order. These funds are reported in the balance sheet under “Restricted cash” (see section 2.1.4, page 40 and Note 4.7 to the consolidated financial statements, page 258).
Following the United Kingdom’s departure from the European Union on December 31, 2020, PrePay Solutions UK continues to issue e-money for use on its domestic market. PPS EU is now responsible for issuing and distributing e-money via other European subsidiaries.